Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

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Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

Post by Rhasputin on Wed Jan 11, 2012 5:54 pm

This is a list of words that you may see on this forum, that you may not understand. It's a great list to help you to learn new things about mice, and help you understand some of the more technical talk!
There is also pretty comprehensive genetics information here, so read up!

Please leave a comment if there is a word that you would like to add, and have defined, have a question about a definition, or disagree with a definition already written up.
Thanks, and please enjoy this educational post!



Abyssinian: A mouse with several whorls of fur, usually on it's rump with nice examples extending up to the shoulders. (aby/aby)

Agouti: The natural brown ticked colour found on wild mice.

Allele: A version of a gene found on a locus. For example, the agouti gene (A/-) is found on the A-locus, and cinnamon dilution (b/b) is found on the B-locus.

Angora: A mouse who has long soft hair. (go/go)

Argente: The pink eye diluted (p/p) version of agouti.

ASF: African Soft furred rat. Other names include Multimammates, multis, natal rats, and African rats. These are neither mice, nor rats, they are their own species.

Banded: A mouse with a wide band on a coloured background. (Wbd/- )

Beige: An of white or tan mouse with black eyes. (a/a ce/ce)

Belted: A mouse with a white belt on a coloured background. (bt/bt)

BEW: Black Eyed White. A mouse with a white coat, and black eyes.

Black: Coat colour. (a/a)

Blue: A mouse who is a gray blue colour, with black eyes. (a/a d/d)

Blue agouti: A mouse that is blue, and ticked. (A/- d/d)

Brindle (American): A mouse with horizontal stripes of colour like a tiger, can be in many colours. These mice are genetically prone to becoming obese. (Avy/-)

Brindle (Sex linked): A mouse with horizontal stripes of colour like a tiger. Can be in many colours. Males of this variety are white with wavy fur and kinked whiskers, and cannot live past weaning. These mice are also prone to wobbles. Homozygous sex-linked brindle, is lethal. (Mobr/-)

Broken marked: A mouse with un-even coloured markings on a white background. (s/s) Sometimes incorrectly used to describe any mouse with white spotting.

Bub: Baby mouse

Buck: A male mouse.

Burmese: A dark mouse, with darker points. (a/a cch/ch)

Caracul: A type of curling gene found in mice. (Ca/-)

Chocolate: A solid brown mouse with black eyes, and no ticking. (a/a b/b)

Champagne: A light brown mouse with a pinkish tone, and pink eyes. (a/a b/b p/p)

Chinchilla: A gray mouse who is ticked with black. (A/- cch/cch)

Cinnamon: A mouse who is agouti with the cinnamon dilution gene, reddish and ticked with black or ruby eyes. (b/b).

Coffee: A light brown mouse with black eyes. (a/a ce/ce)

Colour point beige: A light beige mouse with points. (a/a ce/ch)

Colour rump: A white mouse, with a coloured rump, similar to a dutch without facial markings. (s/s)

Cream: A pale mouse with a yellow or tan tint. (Ay/- cch/cch) (can be others)

Doe: A female mouse.

Dominant (gene): A gene that will show with only one copy of the allele.

Dominant red/yellow: A mouse that is red, orange or yellow in colour. Dominant red/yellow is also called lethal yellow, because it is lethal when homozygous. Un-common in the US. (Ay/-)

Double banded: A mouse with two white bands around its middle. (can be banded, belted, or piebald)

Dove: A light gray mouse with pink eyes. (a/a p/p)

Dutch: A white mouse with colour patches on the face, and rump. (s/s with modifiers)

Ear clipping/marking/snipping/punching: The act of cutting a small portion of the ear of a mouse off, to make identification easier.

Extreme black: A different gene causing a black coat, and lack of yellow pigment. (ae/ae)

Feeder: A mouse bred specifically for food for another animal.

Free feeding: Giving your mice constant access to a food source with no limitations.

Frizzy: A curling gene in mice, not as common as rex (fr/fr)

Fuzzy: A notable stage of mouse development, where the pup has a full coat of hair, but not open eyes.

Fuzzy (alt): A mouse with tightly curly 'fuzzy' hair. Similar to the soft side of velcro. (fz/fz)

Fuzzy Hairless: A fuzzy mouse, who is bred to have a very short coat, and looks almost hairless. (fz/fz sometimes in combination with a curling gene)

Gene: A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA, passed on from parent to offspring.

Genotype: The written code for a mouse's genetics. A cinnamon mouse would be written as (A/- b/b)

Gremlin: A mouse with one ear lower on the head, than the other.

Hairless: A mouse with no hair. (hr/hr)

Heterozygous: Having 2 different alleles for a given gene. An mouse who is (P/p) is heterozygous for pink eyes.

Homozygous: Having 2 of the same alleles for a given gene. An mouse who is (p/p) is homozygous for pink eyes.

Hopper: A notable stage of mouse developement, where the mouse has opened it's eyes, and it moving about feely, and begining to try solid foods. Named because the babies can be extremely jumpy at this stage.

Hopper (alt): A feeding device which holds a reserve of food, while only allowing the animal access to a small portion at a time.

Juvenile: Any mouse that is fully developed past the hopper stage, but not sexually mature.

Kink: A bend, or curl in an mouse's tail that may be genetic, an injury, or environmental in cause. It should not be bred from if the animal was born with it, but also should not cause the animal harm. Can be severe, or very slight.

Lilac: A mouse who is both blue, and chocolate, with black eyes. (a/a b/b d/d)

Locus: A spot on the chromosome where a gene resides.

Long hair: A gene which causes a mouse to have long guard hairs on a standard coat. (lgh/lgh)

Manx: A mouse with a partial, or no tail. In the US the gene is dominant.

Mock Chocolate: A mouse that looks chocolate, but is not genetically chocolate. (a/a cch/ce)

Modifier genes: genes that have small quantitative effects on the level of expression of another gene.

PEW: A shortened version of 'Pink eyed white', an animal with white fur, and pink eyes. Not to be confused with albino. All albinos are PEW, but not all PEWs are albino. (Albino c/c)

Phenotype: The physical appearance of a mouse.

Pied / Piebald: A mouse with the recessive piebald spotting gene (s/s). This appears as white spotting on a coloured mouse.

Pinky: A newborn mouse. Named because of the pink colour of their skin.

Points: Distinct markings on a mouse's nose, ears, feet, and tail. Similar to a Siamese cat.

Recessive: A gene that requires two copies to be expressed. Pink eye, is recessive (p/p) shows, and (P/p) does not.

Recessive Yellow: A mouse that is yellow to red in colour, can be pink eyed. Not available in the UK. (a/a e/e and p/p if pink eyed)

REW: Ruby Eyed White. A white coated mouse with ruby eyes.

Rex: A curling gene. (Re/-)

Rhino hairless: A mouse with no hair, covered in wrinkles. (hrrh/hrrh)

Roan: A mouse who can be many base colours, with gray or white ticking throughout the entire coat, often with a very pale, to white belly.

Satin: A mouse with a shiny metallic like coat. (sa/sa)

Silver: A mouse who is light gray in colour, with pink eyes. A silver mouse is a blue mouse, with pink eye dilution. (a/a d/d p/p)

Silvered: A mouse that can be many base colours, with silver ticking on the hairs. (si/si)

Texel: A mouse who has a combination of any curling gene, and any long haired gene.

URI: An infection of the upper respiratory system. 'Upper Respiratory Infection' Symptoms include runny nose and eyes, and wheezing coughing or sneezing.
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Thanks

Post by lunalady on Sat Feb 04, 2012 11:25 pm

Being new to the land of mice this is very helpful. Gee, I did not know you have similar types of mice as guinea pigs.

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Re: Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

Post by moustress on Fri Feb 17, 2012 10:43 pm

I like this section a lot!

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Re: Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

Post by kawmice on Fri Feb 17, 2012 10:55 pm

Yes- it is very helpful!!
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Re: Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

Post by lunalady on Fri Feb 17, 2012 11:09 pm

Can you do a list showing what to bred to get certain results? For example can you bred a Rex with a texel and get in the litter both. Do you need satin to satin to get satin. Or only 1 mouse need satin to get satin in a litter. I get this is genetics? I guess there recessive and dominant genes?.. The would be helpful when choosing who to breed to who.





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Re: Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

Post by Rhasputin on Fri Feb 17, 2012 11:12 pm

The genes are listed here. To make a chart that size would be impossible, honestly.

If you look at the genotypes in each definition ones that are in capital letters (like rex Re/-) Mean they are dominant, and ones that are not (like Satin sa/sa) are recessive.

Tezel is a combination of long hair or angora, and any curling gene, so it's not just one gene itself.

If you have more genetics questions, please post them in the genetics section! Thanks! :
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Re: Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

Post by lunalady on Fri Feb 17, 2012 11:17 pm

Thanks. Will post in different section next time. But, one more ? Are there books on this stuff.

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Re: Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

Post by Rhasputin on Fri Feb 17, 2012 11:21 pm

There are some but they are hard to find for the most part. Try sending Mrs.Beach a PM on here, she knows about someone in the US who has a mouse genetics book, and can probably get you in touch with her. Happy
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Re: Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

Post by LittleSniffs on Sat Feb 18, 2012 12:09 am

What a great idea! great for new people!
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Re: Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

Post by mouselover01 on Sat Feb 18, 2012 12:33 am

muhhah I've convinced Casey to work with me on writing a layman's term dictionary for coat types, colors, etc. :-)
Had to annoy her for like 40 min, but I won in the end
Jump on you
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Re: Mouse General Terms Dictionary!

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